10 dispelling myths about diabetes

DIABETES certainly comes as a nightmare, especially after knowing the fact that it has hit the population across the globe with a very high prevalence and has resulted in various types of complications. The facts washed off when myths adds up to our mind. This misconception and false beliefs, makes our disease even more daunting.

Let’s know the facts and sweep off the myths and stigmas related to diabetes to lead a peaceful life.

Myth: All types of diabetes are the same and it is not that serious disease.

Fact:– There are different types of diabetes; type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Each type of diabetes has different causes and may be managed in different ways.

All types of diabetes are complex and serious. WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030. It is also a major contributor in causing serious complications like heart attack, strokes, kidney diseases, vision loss, neuropathy, amputations etc if left uncontrolled.

Myth: Only overweight or obese people develop type 2 diabetes.

Fact: Certain risk factors make it more likely for someone to develop type 2 diabetes. Being overweight or obese is one of them. But it does not mean that obese or overweight person will necessarily develop type 2 diabetes. The other risk factors are equal contributors for developing diabetes.

Myth: Once you’re diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it becomes a lifelong disease and cannot be controlled.

Fact: Diabetes can be controlled with lifestyle changes, oral medicines and insulin even though there is no cure for type 2 diabetes. In some cases, people have been able to return their blood glucose levels to normal and stop their medicines. Diabetes can also be reversed, especially if those lifestyle changes happen as soon as diabetes is diagnosed. If you are overweight and have type 2 diabetes, the good news is that losing the extra pounds can give even more promising results.

Myth: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes. Hence, Diabetics can’t eat sugar or sweets and have to be on diabetic diet throughout their life.

Fact: Though, the exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown but it is mainly genetics. Type 2 diabetes could be due to genetics and lifestyle factors. Other risk factors also contributes in developing diabetes. Be very careful with these risk factors.There is no reason that people with type 2 diabetes can’t eat sweets, as long as they fit into a normal meal plan. Portion control, moderate eating, swapping small portion of desserts with carbohydrate rich food in your meal and limiting fat and salt are the best remedies to relish your normal diet and control your diabetes.

Myth: People with type 2 diabetes can’t lead an active life.

Fact: Normal active life can be lead with diabetes. Doctors encourage patients to be active and healthy. It is vital in controlling type 2 diabetes.

Myth: Exercising when you have diabetes increases your chances of experiencing low blood sugar.

Fact: Exercise is crucial in controlling diabetes. It can help your muscles take up and use glucose independent of insulin and also increase insulin sensitivity for your cells to use insulin better.

Myth: Having diagnosed with diabetes means you have to take insulin for sure.

Fact: For type 1 diabetics, insulin is required for treatment. But, for people with type 2 diabetes, it may be initially manage with a combination of healthy eating and physical activity. Many people start on oral diabetes medication when they are first diagnosed and later might need insulin, if left uncontrolled. One should understand the positive side, that incase you need to start on insulin, it will help you to manage your diabetes better which, in turn, lowers your risk of developing complications.

Myth: Insulin harms us in long run.

Fact: Insulin is a lifesaver for those diagnosed with diabetes. New and improved insulin allows for much tighter blood sugar control with lower risk of low or high blood sugar.

Myth: Being on insulin means you don’t have to make any lifestyle changes.

Fact: Lifestyle changes like managing your diet and exercising regularly are a must with insulin to keep blood sugar levels in their target range and avoid complications.

Myth: I always know when my sugar is high or low, so I don’t need to test it.

Fact: You can”t rely on how you’re feeling when it comes to your blood sugar level. Many other problems may lead to same signs & symptoms as that of diabetes. Hence, it is always advised to check your blood sugar regularly.



Kawaljit Kaur

Kawaljit is a healthcare professional with an experience of over 15 years in healthcare operations. Her last corporate position was Vice President-Operations at Centre for Sight. As a writer, she has an expertise in writing medical contents and those related to present healthcare scenarios for various platforms that include medical professionals, healthcare companies, web health portals, hospitals and at present also heading the editorial team of a healthcare magazine.

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